Importantly for commercial parties, the decision indicates that parties are assumed to be aware of this approach.

By Daniel Smith and Rebecca Angelini

Liquidated damages clauses provide pre-agreed remedies for contracting parties in the event of particular breaches of contract. This allows the innocent party to avoid the time and effort of quantifying its loss, and provides the parties with commercial certainty in respect of the remedies available for a particular breach. On 16 July 2021, in Triple Point Technology, Inc v. PTT Public Company Ltd,[1] the UK Supreme Court overturned a Court of Appeal decision and affirmed several important principles in relation to liquidated damages:

  • Liquidated damages cease to accrue upon termination of a contract, but rights accrued as at the date of termination survive.
  • Following termination of a contract containing a liquidated damages clause, the contracting parties must seek damages for breach of contract under the general principles of English law.
  • Contracting parties do not have to include provisions concerning the effect of termination on the accrual of liquidated damages. Instead, they can reason that such consequences are assumed.